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Widow of man killed by ISIS alleges that Twitter "knowingly permitted" the group to use its network
After the recent terror attack in San Bernardino last month, many were quick to jump on social media for having apparently been used by the attackers to promote their allegiance to ISIS. Some also believe that the attackers were recruited via these same networks. Not many, if anyone, actually went so far as to actually blame the social networks for causing any deaths, though.
That is, however, what the family of a Florida defense contractor, who was killed in a terrorist attack in Jordan in November, is doing. They have filed a lawsuit against Twitter, accusing the company of having "knowingly permitted the terrorist group ISIS to use its social network as a tool for spreading extremist propaganda, raising funds and attracting new recruits."
"Without Twitter, the explosive growth of ISIS over the last few years into the most feared terrorist group in the world would not have been possible," the suit says, alleging that, "Since first appearing on Twitter in 2010, ISIS accounts on Twitter have grown at an astonishing rate and, until recently, ISIS maintained official accounts on Twitter unfettered."
Twitter, of course, denies any such accusations.
“While we believe the lawsuit is without merit, we are deeply saddened to hear of this family's terrible loss. Like people around the world, we are horrified by the atrocities perpetrated by extremist groups and their ripple effects on the Internet. Violent threats and the promotion of terrorism deserve no place on Twitter and, like other social networks, our rules make that clear," a Twitter spokesperson told VatorNews.
"We have teams around the world actively investigating reports of rule violations, identifying violating conduct, partnering with organizations countering extremist content online, and working with law enforcement entities when appropriate."
So will this lawsuit actually turn into something meaningful? It's doubtful, as Twitter is protected under the statutes cited or intermediary liability laws, such as CDA 230, which states, "No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider."
That means that Twitter, like other publications, cannot be held responsible for the actions of other based on what is written on its website.
As Harmeet Dhillon, a lawyer and vice-chairman of the California Republican party, told The Guardian on Thursday, “The same argument could be used against phone companies for allowing alleged terrorists to place phone calls, or Fedex for allowing alleged terrorists to mail pamphlets."
It should also be noted that Twitter has strengthed its rules, and language, regarding hate speech. It also includes this statement it's rules, "You may not make threats of violence or promote violence, including threatening or promoting terrorism." The final part of that phrase was added in April of last year, the Twitter spokesperson informed me.
There is also the fact that Twitter employees have been the subject of numerous death threats from ISIS, specifically related to their accounts being suspended.
Still, none of this seems to be enough for Tamara Fields, the widow of Lloyd “Carl” Fields Jr., the man who was killed, as the suit specifically calls Twitter out for not taking any "meaningful action" to stop the spread of ISIS on its website.
One of the real issues for sites like Facebook and Twitter is that taking real action against such language may actually get them into trouble when it comes to free speech, and they have to walk a tricky line between cracking down on hate speech and allowing their users to freely express themselves.
Facebook, and Mark Zuckerberg specifically, has, in a way, been talking out of both sides of its mouth on this issue. While at once he is voicing support of Muslims, telling them, "you are always welcome here and that we will fight to protect your rights and create a peaceful and safe environment for you," he has also defaulted to the "it's free speech" argument when confronted with hateful language used on Facebook.
"We're trying to connect everyone in the world and give everyone a voice," Zuckerberg said in a town hall meeting following the Charle Hebdo attacks in Paris in January. "This is about freedom of expression."
Still, regular people are not the only ones asking Twitter and Facebook, and other social media websites, to step up their game. Even one of the leading candidates for President of the United States hasspecifically asked them to do more.
"The threat from radical jihadism has metastasized and become more complex and challenging. We are seeing the results of the radicalization, not just in far off lands, but right here at home, fueled by the Internet. It's the nexus of terrorism and technology," Hillary Clinton said in a speech last month.
America needs to have "resolve," which means "depriving jihadists of virtual territory just as we work to deprive them of actual territory."
“They are using websites, social media, chat rooms and other platforms to celebrate beheadings, recruit future terrorists and call for attacks. We should work with host companies to shut them down,” Clinton said, calling for dialogue between governments around the word and the tech community to "confront this problem together."
(Image source: hightoweradvisors.com)
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What is Twitter?
Twitter is an online information network that allows anyone with an account to post 140 character messages, called tweets. It is free to sign up. Users then follow other accounts which they are interested in, and view the tweets of everyone they follow in their "timeline." Most Twitter accounts are public, where one does not need to approve a request to follow, or need to follow back. This makes Twitter a powerful "one to many" broadcast platform where individuals, companies or organizations can reach millions of followers with a single message. Twitter is accessible from Twitter.com, our mobile website, SMS, our mobile apps for iPhone, Android, Blackberry, our iPad application, or 3rd party clients built by outside developers using our API. Twitter accounts can also be private, where the owner must approve follower requests.
Where did the idea for Twitter come from?
Twitter started as an internal project within the podcasting company Odeo. Jack Dorsey, and engineer, had long been interested in status updates. Jack developed the idea, along with Biz Stone, and the first prototype was built in two weeks in March 2006 and launched publicly in August of 2006. The service grew popular very quickly and it soon made sense for Twitter to move outside of Odea. In May 2007, Twitter Inc was founded.
How is Twitter built?
Our engineering team works with a web application framework called Ruby on Rails. We all work on Apple computers except for testing purposes.
We built Twitter using Ruby on Rails because it allows us to work quickly and easily--our team likes to deploy features and changes multiple times per day. Rails provides skeleton code frameworks so we don't have to re-invent the wheel every time we want to add something simple like a sign in form or a picture upload feature.
How do you make money from Twitter?
There are a few ways that Twitter makes money. We have licensing deals in place with Google, Yahoo!, and Microsoft's Bing to give them access to the "firehose" - a stream of tweets so that they can more easily incorporate those tweets into their search results.
In Summer 2010, we launched our Promoted Tweets product. Promoted Tweets are a special kind of tweet which appear at the top of search results within Twitter.com, if a company has bid on that keyword. Unlike search results in search engines, Promoted Tweets are normal tweets from a business, so they are as interactive as any other tweet - you can @reply, favorite or retweet a Promoted Tweet.
At the same time, we launched Promoted Trends, where companies can place a trend (clearly marked Promoted) within Twitter's Trending Topics. These are especially effective for upcoming launches, like a movie or album release.
Lastly, we started a Twitter account called @earlybird where we partner with other companies to provide users with a special, short-term deal. For example, we partnered with Virgin America for a special day of fares on Virginamerica.com that were only accessible through the link in the @earlybird tweet.
What's next for Twitter?
We continue to focus on building a product that provides value for users.
We're building Twitter, Inc into a successful, revenue-generating company that attracts world-class talent with an inspiring culture and attitude towards doing business.