The 2009 Q4 numbers are in, and they bode well for companies looking to get bought or go public in 2010. Corporate buyers opened their purses in the fourth quarter, and tech IPOs are performing well. None of that will change the long-term shrinkage of the industry, however, and a shift toward lower-risk early-stage investing can be expected.
Yearend surge in M&A.
Forty-four percent of the year’s total liquidity for venture-backed companies came in the last quarter, according to Dow Jones VentureSource.
Most of that came from corporate buyers like Amazon and Google. The $7.3 billion generated by M&As in Q4 is a huge chunk of the overall $17.1 billion in liquidity for the year. It’s also a 49% increase from the $4.9 billion raised in the same period last year.
Corporate buyers seem to have decided we’ve already hit bottom on valuations. The median acquisition price spiked in the fourth quarter to $145 million, bringing the year average to $100 million (driven mostly by Amazon's purchase of Zappos for $847 million). That’s almost eight times the $19 million median paid during Q4 last year.
Those deals were also better for investors. Venture-backed M&A deals returning less than the amount invested accounted for 23 percent of the quarter’s total, compared to 50 percent of the total in the previous quarter.
Stage set for promising 2010.
It’s not hard to predict a rebound in the coming year. The IPO market is emerging from the slowest two consecutive years for venture-backed IPO activity since 1974-1975. According to the NVCA, venture-backed IPOs more than doubled in 2009 from a dismal 6 in 2008 to a slightly less dismal 13 in 2009.
IPO performance is good, which means the public appetite for tech will increase. Of the five IPOs in the third quarter, two were trading at or above their offering prices as of 12/30/2009. For the year, nine out of the thirteen IPOs were trading at or above their offering. Companies are already lining up to tap into the public appetite for tech: 29 venture-backed companies are currently filed for an initial public offering with the SEC.
With corporate buyers back in action and the re-opening of the IPO market driving valuations higher for acquisition targets, 2010 will be a year of relief for venture capital.
None of that changes the long-term outlook
The long-term economics still speak to a shrinking industry. Returns have been poor for venture capital this decade, many venture firms will be closing shop, and those sticking around are raising less money on the whole from limited partners. This coincides with a drop in the cost of innovation. In Q4, companies raised a median of $18 million in venture capital before achieving liquidity through a merger or acquisition. This is 18% less than the $22 million median seen in 2008. In addition, it took a median of 5 years for a venture-backed company to exit via a merger or acquisition - 17% less time than the 6-year median in 2008.
Expect early-stage investment to shift away from companies aiming to be the next Google, to feature companies built for a quick flip into Google.